August 22nd, 2017, is the second day of the Panafrican Youth Forum. With a considerable number of participants, the audience attentively and actively participated to the activities. The topics discussed on include among others the education system and the labor market in Africa, job challenges and African Youth autonomy and solutions to be adopted, the Youth Investment Funds, gender and economic development.
Eric Nsengimana, Chairman and African Representative of AJAP, presented on the topic « Job challenges and African Youth Autonomy: what are the adequate and sustainable solutions to be provided?”. He indicated that Youth constitutes the majority of the African population and that demography goes on increasing. These challenges exist while Africa predisposes natural resources which are not only political, economic, social but also historical and therefore linked to the identical conflicts. To overcome these challenges, Eric Nsengimana suggested a way out likely the existence of a inclusive development through the implementation of a clear regional economic policy. Besides, the continent must adopt an efficient and rapid system of control, an efficient unique channel of communication at the continent level, legal texts elaboration on the resources management of each country, free movement of goods and people, creation of activities of generating income, to name but a few.
In his exposé on “The role of education system and the labor market in Africa”, Mr Ezeckiel KASUKU, defined the concept of education as a process of acquiring knowledge; an attitude change, training, a transformation. As far as labor market in Africa is concerned, it is the availability of employment with people able to work and employers normally compete for the employees. The presentation entirely thanked AJAP for having organized such a forum. He added that, capital is not a number one idea to get developed, it can, may be, be the 5th. He invites youths to take enough time to think to what should be done, in other words, be creative.
Gerard BARUTWANAYO, who presented on the topic “Youth Investment Funds” showed the necessity and the importance of having established such a program. Furthermore, in his research, he indicated that in most of African countries, over 60 percent of young people is jobless while it constitutes the majority of the population. He also mentions that at least 63 percent of employees deal with vulnerable activities which do not satisfy their needs. The Youth Investment Fund is, then, a solution to the challenges faced by Youth.
The presentation of Janvier Ndizeye from UNFPA on “Gender and Economic development” has been introduced by a question led to the audience about what they understand by the concepts of gender. The concepts of equality, equity, development, condition, relation between gender and development, households tasks management, to name but a few were dealt with. Moreover, gender dimension is a key notion in most countries while equity brings to equality. As far as development is concerned, it is the economy increasing. One cannot get development while putting away democracy; and, then, development is like an economic, social and cultural process through which the human being needs to satisfy. Another element is that of activities dedicated to men and women in their household, healthcare and education, tasks related to reproduction and those related to collectivity, access to the resources and profits controlling. In a nutshell, the strategic interests are due to the subordinating rank one has in the society.
The activities of the day were ended by an excursion of the participants led the latter to the Lake Tanganyika boarders, especially, at “Youcca Beach”. Young people contemplated the area and the president of the committee of organization sought the opportunity to geographically present the situation of the area visited.